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Passenger transfers on all routes in Europe and Croatia, the city taxi services, courier services ...

The town of Osijek

TAXI RIJEKA  SERVICE  -  RIJEKA TAXI SERVICE
RIJEKA - CROATIA     RIJEKA - CROATIA




PRICE PASSENGER TRANSFER TO OSIJEK

Airport Rijeka - Osijek 340eur.
Airport Zagreb - Osijek 220eur.
Rijeka center - Osijek 320eur.
AirportTrst - Osijek  370eur.

FOR ALL OTHER INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT U.S. ON THE

 E MAIL;  taxirijeka@net.hr

    OR
PHONE NUMBER; 00385 91 516 52 36 - Iva

                               00385 91 500 33 55 - Kresimir

More information about taxi services ( www.taxi-rijeka.com )



OSIJEK

Osijek from the Middle Ages was developed in western side of today’s Tvrđa (Fortress). The oldest written documents were mentioned for the first time in the year 1196, when the King Emerik confirmed the rights to Cisterian abbey Cikador to collect fare for trade and transport by ship.

In the Middle Ages Osijek consisted of the citadel and "varoš" and it was owned by several feudal families. The family Korog ruled in the city for the longest period of time, from 1353 till 1472. There are only foundations of a big church with the Roman portal and Gothic parts that is preserved from the Middle Ages. A tombstone of Filip Korog, with his family coats of arms and the inscription, made of marble, is a finding of great significance.

The Turks conquered the city on 8 August, 1526. They robbed and burnt down the city and after that they started with the construction of an oriental settlement. During Osman’s occupation the city consisted of the inner fortress and the part of town under a fortified place that was protected by palisades. According to the census from the year 1579 there were 7 "mahalas" in the city, 4 in the city itself and 3 in the part under a fortified place. The biggest "mahala" was Mahala of the mosque that belonged to the late Kasim-pasha (it consisted of 53 houses) and Mahala of the mosque that belonged to Mustafa-pasha (it consisted of 111 houses). In the part of town under a fortified place there was also a Christian mahala, where there were 26 houses.

During Osman’s period Osijek was well-known for its wooden bridge, which was 8 km long and considered to be a world wonder of that time. It was built across the river of Drava and across the swamp in Baranya, from Osijek to Darda. The bridge was built in a few weeks and about 25 000 people were involved in the construction. Osijek, as the biggest city in Slawonia, was very important trade and traffic centre and the point that you simply could not avoid on your way between East and South. At the end of 17. century the fights for freedom started throughout Europe – it was the time, when many "vedutas" were printed and among them there was also Osijek with its famous bridge.

Osijek was liberated from the Turks on 29 September, 1687. After the liberation the weakest defence points were strengthened and afterwards the complete urban structure was changed. The inhabitants of the part under a fortified place were moved about a kilometre and a half upstream of the Fortress because of the construction of new fortifications.

In the year 1692 the Upper Town was formed. At about the same distance, downstream of the Fortress, the Down Town was built in the year 1698 and settled mostly by the inhabitants from swampy islands from Baranya. These three parts of the city, the Fortress, the Upper and the Down Town were developing in 18. century as three separate communities.

All three independent communities: the Fortress, the Upper and the Down Town that were rather distant one from the other, were united in one city in the year 1786. Twenty years after the unification Osijek was declared the Free Royal City in the year 1809. Almost till the middle of 19. century Osijek was the biggest city in Croatia, but because of its political and traffic isolation it lost its importance and it became the fourth city, according to the size. Today Osijek is also on the fourth place. The institutions of City government were moved to the Upper Town in 18. century.

With the historic building of the Upper Town towards the Fortress the prerequisites for connecting further parts and for building new settlements were made. In the year 1884 the city got a new way of a public transport – a horse tram. It was the first horse tram south from Vienna and Budapest.

Although there was a discontinuous urban development that lasted for almost 2000 years, the city of Osijek can be proud of its architectural inheritance gathered in the last 300 years. Preserved architecture and numerous cultural and historic objects can show us that Osijek was involved in all periods of middle-European cultural life.

More information about Osijek you can see on
 
Contac person; Iva
e- mail taxirijeka@net.hr

phone number 00385/91 5165236
00385 91 500 33 55 - Kresimir
TAXI RIJEKA  SERVICE  -  RIJEKA TAXI SERVICE
RIJEKA - CROATIA     RIJEKA - CROATIA





 

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